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Copyright for Instructors

FAQ for Instructors

Brightspace by D2L:


Print Course Readings: 


Copyright Basics:

 

Don't see what you're looking for? Contact the Copyright Office


 

Brightspace by D2L:


 

Can I post an online journal article or e-book chapter to Brightspace by D2L?

Maybe. It depends on the source. Online journals and e-books provided through the library are subject to license agreements with content providers. Some license terms allow instructors to post PDFs of journal articles or chapters from e-books in password-protected learning environments such as Brightspace by D2L and iWeb, while others only permit sharing persistent links.

Note: license terms take precedence over legislative allowances, such as fair dealing. Always check the license permitted uses before using an electronic resource.

Visit the Licensed Digital Materials page for information on how to check permitted use of licensed works:


 

Can I post my presentation slides on Brightspace by D2L?

Yes. Instructors can post lecture slides containing copyright-protected content (e.g. images, graphs) in secure learning environments, such as Brightspace by D2L and iWeb.

Before posting, instructors should ensure that all copyright-protected content is covered by one of the following:

  • Fair dealing or an educational exception in the Copyright Act
  • License terms for electronic resources (online journal databases, e-book collections)
  • Written permission from the copyright holder

For more information on copyright permissions, see the FAQ: 


 

 

Print Course Readings: 


 

Yes. Under fair dealing, instructors can share short excerpts from copyright-protected works with students enrolled in a course for educational purposes. See Langara's fair dealing guidelines for limitations:

Note: when using electronic resources, license agreements with vendors take precedence over legislative allowances, such as fair dealing. Visit the Licensed Digital Materials page for information on how to check permitted use of licensed works:


 

Maybe. It depends on the source. Copying for print course packs is determined by fair dealing, educational exceptions in the Copyright Act, and license agreements with content providers.

For more information on what can be included in a course pack, visit the Course Readings page of this guide. 

A bibliography must be included in all course packs.

If copying exceeds permissible limits, the Copyright Office will need to secure permission from the copyright holder before the course packs can be printed.

For more information, contact the Copyright Office.


 

Am I required to provide a bibliography of materials included in my course pack? 

Yes. Providing source information is essential for copyright purposes.

A bibliography allows for easy identification of all materials included in a pack. Staff can determine if the copying is covered by fair dealing, educational exceptions in the Copyright Act, or license agreements with content providers. If permission is required, all the elements needed to make the request can be identified through the bibliographic information.

Source information also enables the college to demonstrate to an auditing body that copying at our institution falls within allowable parameters.

Finally, including source information can help students identify the resources in their packs. 

Please include all materials in the bibliography, including those written by you or any other instructor at Langara.

Reference: Langara's Policies and Directives:


 

 

Copyright Basics: 


 

How do I determine if I can copy a work?

To determine if you can copy something, ask yourself the following questions:

  • Is the work in the public domain? Has its term of copyright protection expired? 
  • Is the use covered by fair dealing? 
  • Is the use covered by an educational exception in the Copyright Act
  • Has the copyright owner provided permission? 
  • Is the work openly available or licensed under Creative Commons? 

Still unsure? Contact the Copyright Office for help.


 

Is there a limit to how much I can copy?

Yes. If you are copying material for educational purposes, fair dealing permits copying of short excerpts from copyright-protected works.

Visit the Fair Dealing page for more information:


 

How do I know if a work is in the public domain? 

In Canada, copyright lasts for the life of the creator +50 years (+70 years for sound recordings). When copyright expires, works enter the public domain where they can be used freely without payment or permission from the copyright owner.

Example: if an author died on March 22, 1923, copyright on their work expired on December 31, 1973.

Unless it is clearly stated, assume a work is covered by copyright until you can prove otherwise. 

Note: before copying, reproducing, or adapting a work, confirm the copy you have in hand is in the public domain. While the original work may be in the public domain, a republished work may be protected by a new term of copyright.

For assistance, please contact the Copyright Office.


 

What materials can I use freely without worrying about copyright? 

Resources that can be used with fewer restrictions compared to traditional, copyright-protected works include:

  • Public domain
  • Open access
  • Flexibly licensed content

For information on how to find and use these resources, visit the Alternatives to Copyright page:


 

To secure permission to use a copyright-protected work, contact the copyright owner. Ownership is usually indicated in the copyright statement next to the © symbol.

The Copyright Office can also assist with permissions. Please contact us with your request. For published materials, please provide:

  • Title, chapter title, author(s), ISBN/ISSN, and page numbers of the excerpt (for books)
  • Journal title, article title, author(s), volume/issue number, and page numbers (for journal articles)
  • A link (for websites)
  • Number of students or copies
  • Format you wish to make the material available (as a handout, in a print course pack, or as a post to Brightspace by D2L, iWeb, etc.)

Submit your request well in advance of the start of term. Please allow 6-8 weeks for a response from a copyright holder.


 

Can I share content from the Internet with my students? 

Yes. Instructors may reproduce, share, or stream works available through the internet, provided:

  • The use is for educational or training purposes
  • The work is not protected by a digital lock or technological protection measure
  • There is no clearly visible notice prohibiting use for educational purposes
  • There is no suspicion the work has been posted on the Internet without the consent of the copyright holder

The source and, if provided, the author, performer, maker, or broadcaster must be cited.

Copyright Act, Section 30.04


 

Can I include images and figures in my presentation slides? 

Yes. The Copyright Act permits reproduction of copyright-protected works for display in class, provided the works are not commercially available in an appropriate format.

Note: what you can display in the classroom may be different from what you can distribute to students (e.g. as a handout or post in Brightspace by D2L). Many educational uses of copyright-protected content are permitted under fair dealing and educational exceptions in the Copyright Act. Before distributing presentation slides containing copyright-protected works by others, ensure that:

  1. Access is limited to students enrolled in the course, and
  2. Limits outlined in Langara's fair dealing guidelines are respected

If you exceed these limits, permission from the copyright owner is required. Contact us for assistance. 

Copyright Act, Section 29.4(1)


 

Can I include images from the internet in my presentation slides? 

Yes. Members of the Langara community (students, staff, and faculty) are permitted to reproduce, share, or stream works available through the Internet, provided:     

  • The use is for educational or training purposes
  • The work is not protected by a digital lock or technological protection measure
  • There is no clearly visible notice prohibiting use for educational purposes
  • There is no suspicion the work has been posted on the Internet without the consent of the copyright holder

The source and, if provided, the author, performer, maker, or broadcaster must be cited.

Copyright Act, Section 30.04


 

I want to share materials with my students electronically. Where should I post them? 

In the copyright world, there is a fundamental difference between a password-protected website and one that is publicly available.

A site that is password-protected and only available to students registered in your class is an extension of the classroom environment. Fair dealing and educational exceptions in the Copyright Act apply to works shared by you and your students on your password-protected site.

These exceptions are available because you are sharing copyright-protected works for educational use. If the site is open to the public, educational exceptions no longer apply.

If you want to post licensed materials, check the terms of use before posting. Some license terms may allow for the posting of a PDF of an article or a chapter, while others may only allow sharing a persistent link.

Visit the Licensed Digital Materials page for information on how to check permitted use of licensed works:


 

The work I create at Langara, do I own the work or does the College?

According to Langara's Intellectual Property Policy (B3006), College members own the IP in all works they create as part of their assigned duties unless the:

  • IP results from work for which a college member was specifically hired to create for the College;
  • IP results from work that a college member agreed to create for the College in advance and in writing;
  • IP results from work for which a college member was given release time from usual duties to create IP for the College. 

For more information, visit the Langara Policies and Directives page. 


 

Still have questions? Contact the Copyright Office.

Contact us

General Queries:

copyright@langara.ca


Our Team:

Lindsay Tripp,

Copyright Librarian
ltripp@langara.ca
604.323.5290

 

Meaghan Rafferty,

Copyright Technician
mrafferty@langara.ca
604.323.5467


The information obtained from or through this website is provided as guidelines for using works for educational purposes and is not intended to constitute legal advice.

Creative Commons License

Langara's copyright website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.