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APA Style 7th ed - Citation Guide for Nursing & Health Sciences

Book, Basic Format

Reference List

Author, A. A. (publication year). Title of work: Subtitle of work (edition). Publisher.

Capitalize the first word in the title, the first word in the subtitle and all proper nouns. (Publication Manual, 2020, section 10.2, p. 321)
Place of publication is no longer included

In-Text

(Author, year)
(Author, year, p.xx) - when quoting

Book, Single Author

Reference List

Engel, S. (2015). The hungry mind: The origins of curiosity in childhood. Harvard.

In-Text

(Engel, 2015)

(Engel, 2015, p. 89) – when using a direct quote

Book, Organization as Author

Reference List

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). 

If the author is the same as the publisher omit the publisher from the reference to avoid repetition. (Publication Manual, 2020, p. 296)

In-Text

(American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

For subsequent citations abbreviate to (APA, 2013). (Publication Manual, 2020, p. 268)

Book, Multiple Authors

Reference List

Thompson, J., Manore, M., & Sheeshka, J. (2010). Nutrition: A functional approach (2nd Canadian ed.). Pearson.

Invert all author’s names: give surnames and initials for up to and including 20 authors. When authors number 21 or more, include the first 19 author’s names, then insert three ellipses, and add the last author’s name.

In-Text

(Thompson et al., 2010)

For 3 or more authors always use et al. (Thompson et al., 2010). However, for 2 authors, cite both names every time.

Book, No Author

Reference List

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Merriam-Webster.

In-Text

(Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)

When a work has no author, cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, a chapter, or a web page. Italicize the title of a periodical, a book, a brochure, or a report.

Book, One Editor

Reference List

Newby, G. (Ed.). (2002). Concise encyclopedia of Islam. Oneworld.

In-Text

(Newby, 2002)

Book, Two or more Editors

Reference List

Spirduso, W. W., Poon, L. W., & Chodzko-Zajko, W. (Eds.). (2008). Exercise and its mediating effects on congnition. Human Kinetics. 

In-Text

(Spirduso, Poon & Chodzko-Zajko, 1999)

Book, Canadian Adaptation of an American Edition

Reference List

LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (Eds.). (2013). Nursing research in Canada: Methods, critical appraisal, and utilization (3rd Cdn. ed.) (C. Cameron & M. D. Singh, Cdn. Adapt.). Elsevier Canada.

In-Text

(LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2013)

Book, Chapter or Titled Section

Reference List

Stockert, P. A., & Smith Higuchi, K. A. (2009). Sleep. In P. A. Potter, A. G. Perry, J. C. Ross-Kerr, & M. J. Wood (Eds.), Canadian fundamentals of nursing (4th ed., pp. 987-1008). Mosby Elsevier.

In-Text

(Stockert & Smith Higuchi, 2009)

Book, Article in a print encyclopedia

Reference List

Scarlett, W. G., & New, R. S. (2007). Play. In R. S. New & M. Cochran (Eds.), Early childhood education: An International encyclopedia (pp. 626-633). Praeger.

In-Text

(Scarlett & New, 2007)

Customized Textbook

Reference List

Chang, T. (Ed.). (2014). CRIM 2251: Psychological explanations of crime (Douglas College ed.). Pearson.

In-Text

(Chang, 2014)

T. Chang is the instructor of the course. She compiled the customized textbook and is considered the editor.