A. Reproduced material in Courseware
B. Original material in Courseware
Lastname, F. M., & Lastname, F. M. (YEAR). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), pages.
Walker, C., & Peterson, C. L. (2017). Multimorbidity: a sociological perspective of systems. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 23(1), 209-212.
(Walker & Peterson, 2017)
(Walker & Peterson, 2017, pp. 210-211) - when quoting directly
Lastname, F. M. (YEAR). Title of article. In F. M. Lastname (Editor), Title of courseware (pages). Publisher.
Elders, M. (2019). Neighborhood watch: Social media in the community. In M. Elders (Ed.), POL 241: Politics and activism in the 21st century (pp. 34–41). American University.
Lastname, F. M. (YEAR). Title: Subtitle. [Format]. Publisher. URL
Mack, R. (2021). ENGL1127: Learning in a digital environment: Week 6 lecture notes. [PowerPoint slides]. Brightspace. https://d2l.langara.bc.ca/d2l/login
If the content comes from a classroom website, or learning management system (e.g., Brightspace) and you are writing for someone with access to that resource, provide the name of the site and its URL (use the login page URL for sites requiring login). (Publication manual, 2020, p. 347)
If you learned about a topic via an unrecorded classroom lecture (in-person or online) cite the lecture as a personal communication. Personal communication citations are used when a recoverable source is not available. Because readers cannot retrieve the information in personal communications, they are not included in the reference list; they are cited in the text only. (Publication manual, 2020, section 8.9)
(T. Nguyen, personal communication, February 24, 2020)
(F. M. Lastname, personal communication, Month Day, YEAR)